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What is Child Psychology?


I'm sure you must have guessed where this painting is from, right? Yes, the movie Taare Zameen Par! For those who don't know, it is a heart-touching Bollywood movie that entertained and educated its audience about the realities of children with learning disabilities. At the centre of this film is the profound relationship between Ishaan Awasthi, a dyslexic child, and his art teacher, portrayed by Aamir Khan.

But what if Ishaan had never met Aamir Khan in the story? What psychological insights can we glean from such a scenario?


Without Aamir Khan's character, Ishaan's struggles might have gone unnoticed for an extended period. The traditional education system often fails to recognize the unique needs of children with learning disabilities. Ishaan's self-esteem could have significantly suffered due to constant academic challenges and a lack of understanding. A child's self-esteem is closely tied to their academic performance and how they perceive themselves compared to their peers.


Without Aamir Khan's intervention, Ishaan might have continued believing he was unintelligent or lazy. His self-esteem could have plummeted, leading to feelings of worthlessness and frustration. Ishaan's emotional struggles, as depicted in the film, are not uncommon among children with learning disabilities. The constant pressure to conform to traditional educational standards can lead to anxiety, depression, and behavioral issues. Without the support and understanding that Aamir Khan's character provided, Ishaan's mental health might have deteriorated further.


But why are we discussing this today? While we all loved the movie and the character Aamir Khan played, we didn't learn to be like that character ourselves.

Childhood is a crucial phase in human development, shaping the foundation for the future. Within this critical period lies the domain of child psychology, a branch of psychology dedicated to understanding children's cognitive, emotional, and social development.


Child psychology is the scientific study of children's behavior, thoughts, emotions, and development from infancy through adolescence. It seeks to unravel how children perceive the world, learn, grow, and adapt to various life challenges. Child psychologists explore a myriad of factors, including genetics, environmental influences, and socio-cultural contexts, to comprehend the intricacies of child development.

Child psychologists emphasize the role of supportive adults in a child's life. Aamir Khan's character acted as a mentor, advocate, and friend to Ishaan. In reality, children with learning disabilities benefit immensely from having adults who believe in their potential and provide them with the tools to succeed. In Ishaan's case, the absence of such a figure could have hindered his personal and academic growth.


What is Child Psychology all about?

  1. Diverse Study Areas: Child psychology covers a wide range of topics, including cognitive development, social and emotional development, language acquisition, and the impact of genetics and environment on child behavior. This diversity makes the field engaging and multifaceted.

  2. Lifelong Impact: Child psychology emphasizes the significance of early experiences in a child's life, highlighting that the effects of childhood experiences can extend into adulthood. Understanding these long-term impacts is a fascinating aspect of the field.

  3. Multidisciplinary Approach: Child psychology draws insights from various disciplines, including psychology, neuroscience, sociology, and education. This interdisciplinary approach enriches the study of child development and offers a holistic perspective.

  4. Impact on Parenting: Child psychology offers valuable insights for parents and caregivers. Understanding child development can help individuals raise healthier, happier children by providing appropriate support and guidance.

  5. Impactful Work: One of the most intriguing aspects of child psychology is the potential to impact a child's life significantly. Professionals in this field have the privilege of helping children overcome challenges, achieve milestones, and lead healthier, happier lives.

Child psychology is not just a field of study; it's a compass guiding us through the intricate journey of childhood. The knowledge and insights gained through this discipline empower parents, educators, and caregivers to provide children with the nurturing, guidance, and support they need to flourish. Recognizing the importance of child psychology is acknowledging our responsibility to shape a brighter and more promising future for the generations to come.


-Muskan Santwani

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